National Suicide and Self-Harm Monitoring System
The Commission, together with the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW), has established Australia’s first national suicide and self-harm monitoring system.
The suicide monitoring system aims to increase transparency and access to information so that Australians can have a more informed understanding of suicide and self-harm to improve the ways we respond to suicide, helping us work towards zero suicides
Everyone needs to be mindful of the sensitive nature of the information in the suicide monitoring system, and to take care of their mental health and wellbeing when engaging with this information.
Reporting the information in the suicide monitoring system without reference to Mindframe guidelines or without applying media codes of practice for safe reporting has the potential to cause harm. The principles of the suicide monitoring system advocate the safe and responsible use of the Mindframe guidelines when using, reporting and publishing statistics on suicide and self-harm.
Latest data releases
The suicide monitoring system has a planned schedule of major updates that include new data every quarter, and regular updates of existing data when they become available.
The latest quarterly update in Oct 2021 includes data on ambulance attendances for self-harm behaviours between 2018 and 2021, and a new data linkage analysis of socioeconomic factors affecting those who died by suicide between 2011 and 2017.
The Commission provides independent policy advice on ways to improve the suicide prevention system and we have published a contextual analysis about this data release and the Suicide Monitoring System on the Life in Mind Australia website.
Suicide monitoring system background
The development of the suicide monitoring system began following the National Suicide Prevention Summit held in December 2018 where the Commission made several recommendations on key actions to prevent suicide deaths in Australia. One of those recommendations was to establish a national system for the collection, coordination, and timely delivery of regional and demographic information on the incidence of suicide and suicide behaviour, to enable focused and timely preventive actions to be implemented.
The suicide monitoring system was announced as part of the Australian Government’s Prioritising Mental Health Package in the 2019–20 Australian Government Budget (Department of Health 2019). The AIHW has received $5 million per year for 3 years (2019–20 to 2021–22) to develop and implement the monitoring system. In the 2021-22 Budget, the Government committed additional funding of $4.2 million each year from 2022-23 to 2024-25 to continue to deliver this system.
The suicide monitoring system improves the coherence, accessibility, quality and timeliness of national data and information on suicide, suicide attempts and self-harm. The suicide monitoring system plays a key role in better informed public conversations about suicide prevention. It brings together all existing and extensive new data from across states and territories on a website that is being regularly updated and improved.
About the suicide monitoring system
The suicide monitoring system website brings together, for the first time, data on suicide, intentional self-harm, and suicidal behaviours from a range of national data sources and surveys. The data is presented in an accessible way and includes interactive data visualisations and geospatial mapping to illustrate and explore the statistics, as well as explanatory text to assist with their interpretation and communicate the limitations of the data.
The suicide monitoring system website content will be regularly updated as new data become available, and further data sources will also be added as they become available from data development activities.
The suicide monitoring system also includes a Secure Portal (the Portal) for the provision of content from jurisdictional data custodians and other approved users, such as Primary Health Networks, NGOs and researchers. The Portal allows certain users to access timely and localised data that would not meet the Mindframe guidelines for the responsible reporting of suicide. The information provided on the Portal enables policy makers and service providers to identify emerging trends and priority populations to support timely policy decisions and localised planning of suicide prevention activities.
The Portal is managed by the AIHW and includes national morbidity, mortality, and ambulance data, with states and territories able to contribute other data, such as emergency department, suicide register or police data. The Portal is currently under development and the AIHW and Commission are working collaboratively with jurisdictions, Primary Health Networks, NGOs and researchers to determine:
- What data can be made available in the Portal
- How this data gets into the Portal
- What analyses are needed and can be performed in the Portal
- Who needs to access the Portal.
The Commission has established a Portal Working Group to develop guidelines for making decisions about who can access the Portal, what data should be in the Portal and for what reason. The guidelines will be delivered by the end of 2021. Also contributing to the development of the Portal are the members of the suicide monitoring system’s Expert Advisory Group and people with lived experience of suicide.
People with a lived experience, including those who have attempted suicide, those bereaved by suicide or affected by suicide, have a valuable, unique, and legitimate role in suicide prevention.
The Commission has established a Lived Experience Working Group to support the suicide monitoring system. Members of this group play an important role in the development and presentation of the data on the website, the development of the Portal, and will continue to provide critical insights into how we can improve the suicide monitoring system to better prevent suicide in Australia.
Here are a couple of our Lived Experience working group members talking about their contributions to the development of the suicide monitoring system.
Expert Advisory Group members
The Commission has established an Expert Advisory Group for the suicide monitoring system to support the development, implementation, and application of the monitoring system by providing advice as required.
The membership of the Expert Advisory Group includes representation from suicide prevention experts, academics and researchers, service providers, and people with lived experience.
- Ms Christine Morgan, Chair, CEO, National Mental Health Commission
- Dr Jaelea Skehan, Member, Director Everymind
- Mr Alan Woodward, Member, National Mental Health Commissioner
- Dr Grant Sara, Member, NSW Ministry of Health
- Ms Nieves Murray, Member, CEO, Suicide Prevention Australia
- Ms Nicky Bath, Member, CEO, LGBTIQ+ Health Australia
- Associate Professor Jo Robinson, Member, Head Suicide Prevention Research, Orygen
- Ms Leilani Darwin, Member, Centre of Best Practice for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Suicide Prevention
- Mr Mark Davis, Lived Experience representative
- Dr Nerida Volker, Lived Experience representative
EAG meetings to date
The Expert Advisory Group has met quarterly between November 2019 and October 2021 and has committed to support this work through to July 2022.